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His name was Sepoy Kamal Ram
On 12th May 1944, on the Gustav line the advance of Sepoy Kamal Ram's company was halted by fourenemy machine gun posts. The Company Commander requested a volunteer to silence one of them. Sepoy Kamal Ram volunteered and successfully captured the post after killing the crew. He succeeded in capturing another on his own and a third with the help of a Havildar. As a result of his outstanding bravery Sepoy Kamal Ram was awarded the Victoria Cross. King George VI presented him the medal in Italy in 1944.
He died in 1982.
His Victoria Cross is on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the interesting Imperial War Museum in London, and his name is immortalised on the 'Memorial Gates' at Constitution Hill, London
Si chiamava Sepoy Kamal Ram.
Il 12 Maggio 1944 sulla Linea Gustav l'avanzata della Compagnia del Soldato Kamal Ram era bloccata da 4 postazioni di cannoni nemici. Il Comandante di Compagnia chiese un volontario per fermarle. Sepoy Kamal Ram si offri' volontario e prese la postazione nemica dopo aver ucciso i namici. Ebbe inoltre successo a catturare un altra postazione da solo , mentre la terza riusci'a fermarla grazie all'aiuto di un Havildar. Grazie a questo atto straordinario di coraggio Sepoy Camal Ram fu insignito della Victoria Cross. Re Giorgio IV gli appunto' la medaglia sul petto in Italia nel 1944. Mori' nel 1982. La sua decorazione di guerra e' esposta alla Lord Ashcroft Gallery nel Imperial War Museum di Londraq, ed il suo nome e' ricordato per sempre sulla nel 'Memorial Gate' sulla Constitution Hill sempre di Londra
'when you go home
tell them of us and say
for their tomorrow
we gave our today'
The first Indian troops landed at Taranto and in the south of Naples on 19 September 1943. From then untill 29 April 1945 they were engaged in a heroic mission. From their landing in Taranto till their arrival in Trieste, the soldiers from New Delhi played a great role in the difficult advance of the Allied forces. The Indian Contingent was the third largest after the American and the English Contingents. These soldiers came from some of the finest regiments of the Indian army, Maratha Li, Punjab, 5 Gorkha rifles, 9 Gorkha Rifles, " Gorkha Rifles, Rajputana Rifles, Sikh, Frontier Force Rifles, Garhwal Rifles and Central India Horse. The Fourth, Eighth and Tenth Indian Infantry Divisions were employed in the battle for the capturte of Monte Cassino and in the bitter campaign that followed for the breaching of the Gothic Line. These divisions were part of the legendary 8th British Army and fought along with British, New Zealand, Polish, American, Canadian and French Divisions. All these men, soldiers from distant lands, men with little or no cultural similarities, lived together and many of them even died together. Almost 50.000 soldiers, mostly between the ages of 19 and 22, fought for the sake of freedom in Italy. Close to 50 per cent of them were injured in the process. Of these, a total of 5782 indian soldiers died in Italy. It is to their credit that out of twenty Victoria Cross decorations given for bravery during the war in Italy, the Indian soldiers received as many as six.
The New Zealander Generals were very worried focusing the unevitable task of organizing a New Zealand attack on Cassino. As part of the New Zealand Corps, which included their old allies 4rt Indian Division, they had expected to drive through a gap that american forces would open and linking with other forces landed at Anzio to the north of Cassino to drive on Rome. But the American attack foundered. General Freyberg wanted to organise his attack very well after the bloody lesson of the fitile American Attack befor him. Freyberg planned two attacks. While the 4 Indian division attacked to the north of the town where the American had made some gains, the New Zealanders would seize the railway station and two other nearby points. The troops believer that the Germans were using the monastery of Monte Cassino as an observation point. So the Indian divisional commander requested its destruction On 15 February the monastery disappeared under massive bombs blasts. The Germans had ever used the monastery as an observation points, but using the bombing they use it to create a strongpoint. As soon as darkness fell on 17 February, several hundred Maori Infantrymen moved forward along the causeway. At 2.a.m. the Cassino station was in Maori hands. Smoke was laid down to obscure the Maori waiting for the darkness to send them supports, but they spent unconfortable hours under mortar fire as they waited. Late in the afternoon their position was untenable as German tanks and Infantry pressed in on them in a concentred counter-attack. The Maory were forced to pull out of the station and back across the causeway. Freiberb was forced to prepare a new attack with a different approach.
Official words of britain's declaretion of war reached Wellington eight minutes before midnight on 3 September. Shortly before 2.a.m. on 4 September New Zealand advised London of its declaretion of war. New Zealander was one of the first democratic states to enter the Second World War alongside Britain Australia and France. After few days' neutrality Canada and South Africa would join them.
Monte Cassino Abbey/Abbazia di Montecassino
Castle Hill/ Castello di Rocca Ianula
Cassino Commonwealth Cemetery / Cimitero del Commonwealth Britannico a Cassino
Commonwealth Beach Head Cemetery at Anzio/ Cimitero Britannico Testa di Ponte ad Anzio
Anzio War Cemetery/ Cimitero di Guerra di Anzio
Minturno War Cemetery/ Cimitero di Guerra di Minturno
New Zealander Memorial at Cassino Railway station/ monumento ai Neo Zelandesi alla Stazione di Cassino